|Vitamin D research hyper-inflation - unfortunately few of the papers will ever be printed, otherwise we could at least use them to heat our homes, in case the price for oil gas and other fossil energy keep rising ;-)|
And as if that was not already bad enough, due to the advent of an infinite number of second-class online journals that made the vitamin D paper hyperinflation only possible, most of these papers will never be printed. Otherwise I'd suggest we put them to some good use and burn them like the woman in the image on the right was burning paper money during the days of monetary hyperinflation, over here in Germany in the years 1922 - 1923 ;-)
Vitamin D and insulin resistanceHaving low levels does only make a difference, if you are obese. That's the result of the most recent analysis of data from the MONICA10 cohort consisting of 2656 participants (men and women aged 41–71 years) who participated in a 10-year follow-up examination during 1993–1994 as part of a population-wide survey in Denmark (cf. figure 1; data adjusted for sex, season of blood collection, history of CVD, family history of diabetes, physical activity during leisure time, healthy food index, fish intake, supplement use, smoking status, alcohol intake and educational level):
|Figure 1: Risk of incident diabetes associated with serum 25(OH)D and waist circumference categorized as normal, overweight and obese (data based on Husmemoen. 2012).|
"Low serum 25(OH)D was associated independently with incident diabetes. The inverse association was only found in overweight-obese and not in normal weight individuals, suggesting that obesity may modify the effect of vitamin D status on the risk of diabetes." (Husmemoen. 2012)These results stand in line with previous research you've read about here at the SuppVersity suggesting that rather than the absolute 25-OHD levels, which are indicative of your "vitamin D reserves", an obesity induced disruption in the management / metabolism of the "sunshine vitamin" appears to be the real culprit that's behind the associations (not causations!) between low vitamin D levels and the metabolic syndrome.
That this problem can't be solved by simply adding more vitamin D to the equation stands to reason and would also explain why the few controlled vitamin D3 supplementation trials in non (morbidly) obese, highly vitamin D deficient individuals that exist did not bring about any of the metabolic benefits the researchers had expected.
Supplemental glutamine prevents non-sarcopenic age-induced weight loss
Therefore I am not convinced that the researchers hypothesis that these effects are brought about by
- the ameliorative effects of glutamine on the age-induced CO(2)/glutamate ratio, and
- the role of glutamate as a precursor for glutathione, arginine and proline biosynthesis,
Unexpected ghrelin response during 7-day overfeeding experiment in obese subjects"Confusing" would in fact be a better term to describe the surprising finding that 7-days on a diet containing 70% more energy than the 68 healthy young, normalweight, overweight and obese men usually consumed did not reduce, but increase the amount of the acylated form of ghrelin (often touted as the "active" = hunger promoting form of ghrelin), in the blood of the study participants (Wadden. 2012). Moreover, ...
- there was no significant difference in fasting acylated ghrelin between normal weight, overweight, and obese men at baseline and
- the amount of acylated ghrelin was negatively correlated with weight and BMI for normal weight and with BMI in overweight men.
|Illustration of the global obesity epidemic (WHO. 2005). The study at hand makes it pretty clear that a pathological dysregulation of energy intake is at least part of the problem.|
If we stick to the fundamental hyptothesis that ghrelin is in fact a "hunger hormone" and the acylation, i.e. the addition of an acyl functional group to the basic molecule, works like an "on switch" that activates the appetite increasing effects of ghrelin, this means nothing else than overeating and gaining weight makes obese men hungrier. This finding provides further evidence for the hypothesis that the natural regulation of food intake is not simply impaired, but totally out of whack in obese individuals.
MSM turns out to be a local GH booster and bone builderMSM? That's the stuff in the joint supplements, right? Correct! Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a naturally occurring sulfur compound with well-known anti-oxidant properties and anti-inflammatory activities that is a longstanding standard ingredient in joint supplements (next to glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate - you notice the sulf... ah, pattern here, right?).
I guess you knew all that already, but I would be surprised if you had also been aware of the fact that MSM exerts direct anabolic effects on the bone by increasing the expression of GH-related proteins including IGF-1R, p-IGF-1R, STAT5b, p-STAT5b, and Jak2 in osteoblastic cells and mesenchymal stem cells.
"MSM increased IGF-1R and GHR mRNA expression in osteoblastic cells. The expression of MSM-induced IGF-1R and GHR was inhibited by AG490, a Jak2 kinase inhibitor. MSM induced binding of STAT5 to the IGF-1R and increased IGF-1 and IGF-1R promoter activities. Analysis of cell extracts by immunoprecipitation and Western blot showed that MSM enhanced GH-induced activation of Jak2/STAT5b. [...] Furthermore, MSM increased ALP activity and the mineralization of MSCs." (Joung. 2012)Unfortunately, in vitro studies like these don't provide any information on appropriate dosages, but a study that was published in August 2012 reports that dosages up to 10-fold higher than the dose equivalent of the 300-400mg/day, which are at the upper end of the spectrum of the dosage recommendations of currently available MSM supplements, lead to "dose dependent" decrease in the degeneration of the cartilage in the knee joints in a mouse model of osteoarthritis (Ezaki. 2012). The hilariously high dose of 30-40g (100x the recommended amount), on the other hand, led to significant losses of body, liver, and spleen weight.
So, even with an acute fracture you better keep your MSM intake within reasonable limits - specifically, because we do not even know if oral methylsulfonylmethane will help with either bone-healing or bone strength in humans, at all.
If muscle is metabolic currency, creatine is the cash machine"Ehhh! This will make me hold water? No thanks I already got enough of that! And muscle, not thanks..." Shut up! Muscle is metabolic currency and gaining muscle and strength is equally beneficial for the health of men and women, alike.
Against that background you may want to print the results from a recently published paper by Andreo Fernando Aguiar from the North University of Paranay and his colleagues and put the print out somewhere where all, not just the older ladies at your gym will see that taking 5g of creatine /day helped eighteen healthy ladies in their best years (64.9±5.0 years) to
- train at a more than 2-fold higher volume,
- make 5.1, 3.9, and 8.8% greater progresss in bench press, leg extension, and biceps curl performance
- gain 3.2% more fat-free mass and 2.8% more muscle mass, and
- be more efficient in performing submaximal-strength
- vertical bench press, lat pulldown,
- biceps curl, triceps pushdown,
- knee extension, leg curls,
- seated calf raises, and abdominal crunches
"Strong is the new sexy" and creatine can help you to get there!
|About time to pull the emergency break strength train eat and take creatine?!|
Topical curcumin improves wound healing (plus tips how to prepare it)In view of its profound anti-inflammatory effects it is actually not straight forward that curcumin would improve wound healing - at least not in the early, inflammatory phase of the process. Accordingly the researcher from the Department of Dermatology at the Faculty of Medicine of the Namik Kemal University in Tekirdag, Turkey, divided their burned rodents into 3x2 groups who were scheduled to be anesthetized on day 4 (A), day 6 (B) or day 8 (C) after after they had been burned with an aluminum branding iron that had been placed without pressure for 30s on the back of the rats (Kulac. 2012).
Interestingly, the inﬂammatory cell inﬁltration was signiﬁcantly increased in curcumin groups and that regardless of when the tissue samples were analyzed. Collagen deposition, angiogenesis and granulation tissue formation were likewise higher in curcumin compared to the placebo group, with the earliest squamous epithelial re-epithelialization being observed on the 4th in treatment subgroup (figure 2, Group A).
Self-made curcumin band-aids / pastes
And in case you don't want to waste money or support Johnson and Johnson by buying the tumeric laced bandages they apparently sell in India, here are two ways to prepare a bandage and a tumeric paste that will probably help with sorts of inflammatory skin conditions (Hinkle. 2012):
- tumeric wrap / band-aid: Combine one teaspoon of dried turmeric powder with two teaspoons of either dried or fresh ginger. Spread the mixture over a cloth, then wrap around the affected area and seal it with a plastic bandage.
- tumeric paste for burns: Combine one teaspoon of turmeric powder with one teaspoon of aloe vera gel and apply it directly to the burned / inflamed part of your skin (make sure not to apply it directly onto open wounds, though!)
|In India people use tumeric + honey facial masks; also to treat acne, by the way.|
|Have you ever listened to the to the SuppVersity Science Round Up on Super Human Radio? If not, check out the podcasts|
A pros pos short, those who like these news updates, may also enjoy the weekly SuppVersity Science Round Up that airs live every Thursday at 12.30 or 1.00PM EST, And if you can't tune in live, you can simply have google show you the links to the podcasts of the latest shows.
- Aguiar AF, Januário RS, Junior RP, Gerage AM, Pina FL, do Nascimento MA, Padovani CR, Cyrino ES. Long-term creatine supplementation improves muscular performance during resistance training in older women. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2012 Oct 7.
- Ezaki J, Hashimoto M, Hosokawa Y, Ishimi Y. Assessment of safety and efficacy of methylsulfonylmethane on bone and knee joints in osteoarthritis animal model. J Bone Miner Metab. 2012 Aug 10.
- Hinkle, Lynette. Homemade Remedies With Turmeric. eHow.com - Herbs & Botanicals for Health J-Z. < http://www.ehow.com/way_5402326_homemade-remedies-turmeric.html > retrieved on Oct 13, 2012.
- Husemoen LL, Skaaby T, Thuesen BH, Jørgensen T, Fenger RV, Linneberg A. Serum 25(OH)D and incident type 2 diabetes: a cohort study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012 Oct 3. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2012.134.
- Joung YH, Lim EJ, Darvin P, Chung SC, Jang JW, et al. MSM Enhances GH Signaling via the Jak2/STAT5b Pathway in Osteoblast-Like Cells and Osteoblast Differentiation through the Activation of STAT5b in MSCs. PLoS ONE. 2012; 7(10): e47477.
- Kulac M, Aktas C, Tulubas F, Uygur R, Kanter M, Erboga M, Ceber M, Topcu B, Ozen OA. The effects of topical treatment with curcumin on burn wound healing in rats. J Mol Histol. 2012 Oct 2.
- Meynial-Denis D, Bielicki G, Beaufrère AM, Mignon M, Patureau Mirand P, Renou JP. Glutamate and CO(2) production from glutamine in incubated enterocytes of adult and very old rats. J Nutr Biochem. 2012 Aug 13.
- Wadden D, Cahill F, Amini P, Randell E, Vasdev S, Yi Y, Zhang W, Sun G. Serum acylated ghrelin concentrations in response to short-term overfeeding in normal weight, overweight, and obese men. PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e45748.